Corea and Holland had just formed the quartet Circle with Anthony Braxton, who was involved in the revival of the free jazz movement. Alone on the keyboard, Keith Jarrett developed a taste for the combination of the Rhodes piano, the Contempo organ, and the wah-wah pedal. His playing—at times more rhythmical, closer to the effects of the funk guitar or of soul-gospel trances, at times hyper-lyrical or free—brightened the sound of the group. Miles was fascinated by Jarrett’s ability to improvise from nothing and offered him interludes like the one included here in “Funky Tonk” (17’21), where Jarrett turned a shortcoming of the Rhodes to his advantage. Michael Henderson had replaced Dave Holland, and added to the latter’s flexibility a rhythmic foundation learned from Stevie Wonder and Marvin Gaye. Recording at the Cellar Door in Washington from December 16-19, Miles called in John McLaughlin on the last day to bring more dynamism to the group. Teo Macero added to the tapes of the 19th some unreleased material from June 1970 sessions with the Brazilian composer/multi-instrumentalist Hermeto Pascoal. The pastoral atmosphere of this music echoed the moods of some of Joe Zawinul’s pieces.

Original issue: Columbia LP G 30954 on August 3, 1972
Producer: Teo Macero
Engineer: Stan Tonkel

February 6, 1970 (a): Miles Davis (tpt); Wayne Shorter (ss); John McLaughlin (el-g); Chick Corea (el-p); Joe Zawinul (el-p); Dave Holland (b); Khalil Balakrishna (el-sitar); Jack DeJohnette (d); Billy Cobham (d); Airto Moreira (perc)
Columbia Studio B, NYC

June 3, 1970 (b): Miles Davis (tpt); Steve Grossman (ss); Chick Corea (el-p); Herbie Hancock (el-p); Keith Jarrett (org); Ron Carter (b); Jack DeJohnette (d); Airto Moreira (perc); Hermeto Pascoal (d, voc)
Columbia Studio B, NYC

June 4, 1970 (c): Miles Davis (tpt); Steve Grossman (ss); John McLaughlin (el-g); Herbie Hancock (el-p); Chick Corea (el-p); Keith Jarrett (org); Dave Holland (b, el-b); Jack DeJohnette (d); Airto Moreira (perc); Hermeto Pascoal (d, voc, whistling, el-p)
Columbia Studio B, NYC

December 19, 1970 (d): Miles Davis (tpt); Gary Bartz (ss, as); John McLaughlin (el-g); Keith Jarrett (el-p, org); Michael Henderson (el-b); Jack DeJohnette (d); Airto Moreira (perc, voc); Conrad Roberts (narr)
The Cellar Door, Washington, D.C.


  1. Sivad [a]
  2. Little Church [b]
  3. Medley: Gemini/Double Image [c]
  4. What I Say [d]
  5. Nem Um Talvez [e]



  1. Selim [a]
  2. Funky Tonk [b]
  3. Inamorata [c]